Friday, 31 May 2013

Thinking ‘Big’ May Not Be The Best Way To Save Large-river Fish

Image Caption: The fate of the blue catfish and more than 60 other species of large-river specialist fishes depends on conservation of suitable habitat and connectivity between the Mississippi River and its tributaries. Credit: Brenda Pracheil

University of Wisconsin-Madison
Large-river specialist fishes — from giant species like paddlefish and blue catfish, to tiny crystal darters and silver chub — are in danger, but researchers say there is greater hope to save them if major tributaries identified in a University of Wisconsin-Madison study become a focus of conservation efforts.
The study says 60 out of 68 U.S. species, or 88 percent of fish species found exclusively in large-river ecosystems like the Mississippi, Missouri and Ohio rivers, are of state, federal or international conservation concern. The report is in the April issue of the journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.
On the other hand, says lead author Brenda Pracheil, a postdoctoral researcher in the UW’s Center for Limnology, the study offers some good news, too.
Traditionally, the conservation emphasis has been on restoring original habitat. This task proves impossible for ecosystems like the main trunk of the Mississippi River — the nation’s shipping, power production, and flood control backbone. While the locks, dams and levees that make the Mississippi a mighty economic force have destroyed fish habitat by blocking off migration pathways and changing annual flood cycles species need to spawn, removing them is not a realistic conservation option.
But, says Pracheil, we’re underestimating the importance of tributaries. Her study found that, for large-river specialist fish, it’s not all or nothing. Some rivers are just big enough to be a haven.
For any river in the Mississippi Basin with a flow rate of less than 166 cubic meters of water per second, virtually no large-river specialist fishes are present. But in any river that even slightly exceeds that rate, 80 percent or more of the large-river species call it home.
That means Mississippi tributaries about the size of the Wisconsin River and larger are providing crucial habitat for large-river fishes. When coupled with current efforts in the large rivers themselves, these rivers may present important opportunities for saving species.
“Talk to any large-river fish biologist, and they will tell you how important tributaries are to big river fish,” says Pracheil. “But, until now, we’ve not really understood which rivers are most important. Our study tackles that and shows which tributaries in the Mississippi River Basin show the most promise for conservation of large-river fishes.”
Current policies governing large river restoration projects are funded largely through the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, which requires that funds be spent on mainstems — or the big rivers themselves. Pracheil’s study suggests spending some of that money on tributary restoration projects might do more conservation good for fish, while also letting agencies get more bang for their habitat restoration buck.
“Tributaries may be one of our last chances to preserve large-river fish habitat,” Pracheil says. “Even though the dam building era is all but over in this country, it’s just starting on rivers like the Mekong and Amazon — places that are hotspots for freshwater fish diversity. While tributaries cannot offer a one-to-one replacement of main river habitats, our work suggests that [they] provide important refuges for large-river fishes and that both main rivers and their tributaries should be considered in conservation plans.”

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Source: University of Wisconsin-Madison Via Redorbit

Wednesday, 29 May 2013

RAVE Sports® Sea Rebel Kayak

RAVE Sports® Sea Rebel Kayak


  • Lightweight, inflatable kayak—easy to bring along and take back home
  • Enjoy paddling or floating your favorite waterway without the work of bringing a standard kayak
  • Heavy duty PVC bladder is enclosed in a heavy-duty 420D nylon cover
  • Slick PVC tarpaulin bottom for easy gliding over the water
  • Recumbent style sling seat
  • Four foam-filled handles make carrying a breeze
  • Boston valve
  • Comes with paddle, hand pump, carry bag, and more
Enjoy paddling or floating on your favorite lake, river or stream without the work on the RAVE Sports Sea Rebel Kayak. This inflatable gem inflates in just minutes, allowing you to bring a watercraft to your favorite water spot without investing the time and effort it takes to bring along a standard kayak or canoe. The Sea Rebel's recumbent style sling seat with adjustable backrest allows you to enjoy truly relaxing fishing or exploring, while the three bottom fins ensure straight tracking. The four foam-filled handles make carrying this lightweight 22 lb. kayak a breeze. The Sea Rebel's heavy duty PVC bladder is enclose in a heavy-duty 420D nylon cover with a slick PVC tarpaulin bottom for easy gliding over the water. Bungee cord storage on back of kayak. Water resistant storage bag with bottle holder on adjustable backrest for easy access. Boston valve for quick inflation and deflation. Comes with paddle, water resistant dry bag and water bottle holder, adjustable backrest, hand pump, and carrying bag. One rider design. Overall dimensions: 103''L x 35'' W x 8''H.

More Info Visit: 
Bass Pro Shops Online

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Ikatan Lefty's Loop


SIMPULAN ini sesuai untuk pancing layang kerana ia akan memudahkan pergerakan mata kail.
SIMPULAN ini sesuai untuk pancing  layang kerana ia akan memudahkan pergerakan mata kail.

SIMPULAN ini sesuai untuk pancing layang kerana ia akan memudahkan pergerakan mata kail. Ia mudah untuk dilakukan malah tidak mudah putus ataupun terlucut.
SIMPULAN ini sesuai untuk pancing layang kerana ia akan memudahkan pergerakan mata kail. Ia mudah untuk dilakukan malah tidak mudah putus ataupun terlucut.

1. Masukkan tali ke lubang mata kail dan lakukan gegelung pada perambut dan masukkan hujung tali ke dalam gegelung.

2. Lilit sebahagian daripada perambut antara tiga hingga lima lilitan.

3. Tarik tali dari bahagian atas untuk memperkemaskan ikatan serta menjamin kekuatan ikatan.



Rachycentron canadum
Scientific classification
Kaup, 1826
Species:R. canadum
Binomial name
Rachycentron canadum
(Linnaeus, 1766)
Cobia (Rachycentron canadum)—also known as black kingfish, black salmon, ling, lemonfish, crabeaters, aruan tasek, etc.—are perciform marine fish, the sole representative of their family, the Rachycentridae.


Attaining a maximum length of 2 metres (78 inches) and maximum weight of 68 kilograms (150 pounds), cobia have elongate fusiform (spindle shaped) bodies and broad, flattened heads. Their eyes are small and their lower jaw projects slightly past the upper jaw. On the jaws, tongue and roof of the mouth are bands of villiform (fibrous) teeth. Their bodies are smooth with small scales, their dark brown coloration grading to white on the belly with two darker brown horizontal bands on the flanks. These may not be prominent except during spawning when cobia lighten in colour and adopt a more prominently striped pattern. The large pectoral fins are normally carried horizontally (rather than vertically as shown for convenience in the illustration), so that, as seen in the water they may be mistaken for a small shark. When boated, the horizontal pectoral fins enable the cobia to remain upright so that their vigorous thrashing can make them a hazard. The first dorsal fin is composed of six to nine independent, short, stout, and sharp spines. The family name Rachycentridae, from the Greek words rhachis meaning "spine" and kentron meaning "sting," is an allusion to these dorsal spines. Mature cobia have forked, slightly lunate tail fins with most fins being a dark brown. They lack air bladders.

Similar species

Cobia somewhat resemble and are most closely related to the Remora of the family Echeneidae. However, they lack the dorsal sucker of the Remora, their body is far stouter and their tail is far more developed, and forked instead of rounded. Juvenile cobia are patterned with conspicuous bands of black and white. Their tails are rounded rather than forked as in the adults.

Distribution and habitat

Cobia fingerlings in aquaculture
Female broodstock, about 8 kilograms, prior to transport to broodstock holding tanks
Cobia on ice
Cobia are pelagic and are normally solitary except for annual spawning aggregations; however, they will congregate at reefs, wrecks, harbours, buoys and other structural oases. They may also enter estuaries and mangroves in search of prey.
They are found in warm-temperate to tropical waters of the West and East Atlantic, throughout the Caribbean and in the Indo-Pacific off India, Australia and Japan.[1] The largest taken on rod & reel was taken from Shark Bay, Australia weighing 60 kg (135 lb). They are able to tolerate a wide range of temperatures (eurythermal) and salinity (euryhaline) between 1.6 and 32.2°C and 5-44.5 ppt in the environment.[2]

Feeding habits

Cobia feed primarily on crabs, squid, and other fish. Cobia will follow larger animals such as sharks, turtles and manta rays in hope of scavenging a meal. Cobia are intensely curious fish and show no fear of boats and are known to follow other caught fish up to a boat and linger to see the action. Their predators are not well documented, but the dolphinfish (Coryphaena hippurus) is known to feed on immature cobia. Shortfin mako sharks are known to feed on adult cobia and have been seen by fishermen following cobia during their annual springtime migration in the northern Gulf of Mexico.

Life history

Cobia are pelagic spawners; that is, they release many tiny (1.2 mm) buoyant eggs into the water which become part of the plankton. The eggs float freely with the currents until hatching. The larvae are also planktonic, being more or less helpless during their first week until the eyes and mouths develop. Males mature at two years and females at three years. Both sexes lead moderately long lives of 15 years or more. Spawning takes place diurnally from April to September in large offshore congregations where females are capable of spawning up to 30 times during the season.[3] Up to 20 individual spawns may take place in one season, with intervals of about one to two weeks. Cobia are frequently parasitized by nematodes, trematodes, cestodes, copepods and acanthocephalans.

Migration patterns

Cobia make seasonal migrations along the coasts in search of water in their preferred temperature range. Wintering in the Gulf of Mexico, they migrate north as far as Maryland in the Summer, passing East Central Florida in March.


Cobia are sold commercially, and command a high price for their firm texture and excellent flavor. However, there is no directed fishery owing to their solitary nature. They have been farmed in aquaculture for this reason. The meat is usually sold fresh. They are typically served in the form of grilled or poached fillets. Chefs Jamie Oliver and Mario Batali each cooked several dishes made with cobia in the "Battle Cobia" episode of the Food Network program Iron Chef America, which first aired in January 2008. Thomas Keller's French Laundry has offered Cobia on its tasting menu.[4]


Cobia, Rachycentron canadum, is considered one of the most suitable candidates for warm, open-water marine fish aquaculture in the world.[5][6] Their rapid growth rate in aquaculture, as well as the high quality of the flesh makes cobia potentially one of the most important marine fish for future aquaculture production.[7]
Currently, cobia are being cultured in nurseries and grow-out offshore cages many parts of Asia and off the coast of US, Mexico and Panama. In Taiwan 100–600 g cobia are cultured for 1–1.5 years to reach 6–8 kg in size which is suitable for export to Japan. Currently, around 80% of marine cages in Taiwan are devoted to cobia culture.[6] In 2004, FAO reported that 80.6% of the world’s cobia production was by primarily China and Taiwan.FAO After China and Taiwan, Vietnam is the third largest producer of farmed cobia in the world where production was estimated at 1500 tonnes in 2008.[6] Following the success of cobia aquaculture in Taiwan, emerging technology is being used to demonstrate the viability of raising hatchery-reared cobia in collaboration with the private sector primarily using SeaStation™ and Aquapod™ submerged cages at exposed offshore sites in Puerto Rico and the Bahamas.[8]
Greater depths, stronger currents and distance from shore all act to reduce environmental impacts often associated with fin fish aquaculture. Offshore cage systems could become some of the most environmentally sustainable methods for commercial marine fish aquaculture.[9] However, some problems still exist in cobia culture that need to be addressed and solved for increasing production. These include high mortality due to stress during transport from nursery tanks or inshore cages out to grow-out cages, along with diseases during nursery and growout culture resulting in low survival, and consequently poor harvest.

Source:  From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Knots and Rigs for Kingfish

Kingfish (Seriola lalandi lalandi) are New Zealand’s most accessible gamefish, offering size, power and guile to challenge Kiwi anglers fishing from the shore and from boats.
Kingfish belong to a large and worldwide family of fishes that include trevallies, jacks and jack mackerels. In New Zealand, the family is represented by (yellowtail) kingfish, trevally, at least three jack mackerel species, koheru and a few rare or occasional visitors, such as amalco jacks, samson fish, amberjacks and pilotfish. Kingfish – haku or kahu in Maori – is the largest jack species in New Zealand, growing to 50kg-plus and nearly two metres in length.

Restricted to the Pacific and Indian Oceans, kingfish sub-species are present in warm temperate and temperate waters around the world. One species ranges from northern Mexico and the west coast of the USA to southern Canada (lalandi dorsalis); another is present on the Asian side of the Pacific in Japan, Korea and China (lalandi aureovittata), while our southern species (lalandi lalandi) is present in Chile, Easter Island, and other South Pacific islands outside the tropics, Australia, India and Southern Africa. All are closely related and virtually indistinguishable from one another.
The largest kingfish specimens in the world are caught around New Zealand.
Kingfish inhabit rocky shores, reefs, pinnacles and the turbulent waters surrounding offshore islands in waters up to 200m deep. Juvenile fish are pelagic, free-swimming far out to sea and often gathering under floating objects. Adults are sometimes described as ‘semi-pelagic’ and occur mainly in open coastal waters. They patrol coastlines and reefs, entering shallow harbours in search of food and frequenting most marine habitats at various times, taking advantage of whatever food sources are available. Some fish take up residency on suitable reefs, seldom moving far from home.
Kingfish are active predators preying of other fish, squid and crustaceans. Juvenile fish start their lives eating plankton, but soon graduate to larger prey. Big kingfish are quite capable of eating live fish weighing several kilos.
Kingfish have been reported from right around New Zealand, including Stewart Island and the Chathams, but they are seasonal visitors to southern waters and much more common in the north. Kingfish hotspots include the waters of Northland’s east coast and the Bay of Plenty-East Cape area.
Kingfish grow quickly at first, reaching 2-3kg in their first year. The most recent studies indicate that females reach sexual maturity at around 5-7 years when they are between 78 and 128cm and males between 75 and 93cm. Earlier studies concluded that sexual maturity was reached at 70cm, which is why the legal size limit for kingfish is set at 75cm.
Kingfish may live for up to 20 years.
Spawning takes place in spring and summer when water temperature is around 20°C. They are thought to free-spawn in moderately deep coastal water near the surface, though this behaviour has never been observed.

Best rigs

Kingfish will take a variety of natural and artificial bait, including jigged and trolled lures. They are particularly susceptible to livebait, with jack mackerel, piper and koheru favoured to target average-sized fish and live kahawai for larger fish. Kingfish of all sizes will take smaller livebaits at times and soft plastics work well, particularly lures in larger sizes retrieved quickly.
For jig or lure fishers, speed seems to be the key to success. Kingfish are attracted to fast moving or erratically moving lures. Mechanical jigging is highly effective, as is high-speed vertical jigging – in essence a high-speed vertical retrieve from the sea bottom to the surface.
Check out our article on everything you need to know about high-speed jigging here - probably one of the most exciting ways of catching kingfish.
Surface poppers are also effective in certain situations.
livebait rigs can variously be slow-trolled, cast and slowly retrieved, deployed at depth using a sinker, or at the surface under a balloon or float.
Kingfish can be caught from shore or from a drifting or anchored boat.
Tackle used needs to reflect the size and power of kingfish. Large fish require heavy tackle, especially since kingfish often inhabit reefy territory and are amongst the most powerful fish in New Zealand for their size.
Lines are typically 15-37kg for livebaiting or trolling; often more for mechanical or vertical jigging where 40-50kg superbraid is often used. Lighter line can be used when softbaiting, spinning or livebaiting small baits for school kingfish. Saltwater flyfishing tackle also works well, though large fish are a real challenge.

Whatever their size, kingfish fight hard, never giving up.
Every aspect of an angler’s gear needs to be up to the task. Trace material should be a minimum of 40kg, depending on bait and hook size, and up to 100kg; swivels should be sturdy and hooks strong enough to land powerful fish. Hook sizes are typically 7/0 to 12/0, depending on bait size. Livebait patterns are perfect for livebaiting, but any strong short-shank hook, including circle hooks, is fine.
Overhead or good quality spinning reels with the line capacity and drag performance to handle kingfish can be used. Rods are usually either heavy spin-casting or baitfishing models, or else short stand-up designs. Landbased fishing rods are longer.
Commercially made livebait rigs are available, but they simple to make yourself. A metre or two of suitable trace, a hook and a swivel, coupled with a sinker or float/balloon is all that’s required to fish livebaits. Alternatively, dispense with the weight or balloon and slow-troll the bait 10 or 15m behind the boat. Be sure to bridle-rig or nose hook the bait, rather than hooking it through the shoulders as is normal for a float rig.

Best baits

Successful dead baits include whole piper, flying fish, mackerel, squid and pilchards, as well as pilchard, squid and skipjack pieces. Kingfish will also take a variety of other baits, whole or in pieces.
Livebaits are usually better than dead baits. Baits to try include kahawai, mackerel, koheru, piper, pilchard, mullet and squid, but any live fish is worth a go if it’s all you can catch.
Soft baits are dynamite, especially if retrieved quickly across the surface or allowed to sink deep and then retrieved quickly. Larger sizes work best, with elongated ‘fish-like’ profiles the most consistent performers.
Jigs and poppers are also effective, as are bibbed lures like Rapalas. Trolled skirted lures also work, as do poppers. Lures need to be equipped with good quality hardware.
Best spots

The hotspots are the Three Kings islands, White island and the Ranfurly Bank off East Cape. Landbased fishers also do well around the rocky Northland Coast, the Coromandel and around the Lottin Point-East cape region.
Kingfish are found consistently throughout the top half of the North Island in good numbers and as far south as the Marlborough Sounds at the top of the South Island. There’s good fishing in the Hauraki Gulf and off the west coast in places. Many northern harbours experience seasonal runs of school kingfish, which really brighten up wharf fishing, and during summer even beach anglers can target kingies.

Best times

Kingfish seem to come on the bite for short periods before turning from voracious eating machines to laid-back cruisers. It can be very frustrating to be surrounded by large schools of kingfish that studiously ignore everything you offer them.
Hook-ups often occur with the first drop or two of a jig or livebait, before the fish become suspicious and the bite shuts down.
Often there’s a good bite just before dusk and sometimes early in the morning, but bite times can occur any time during the day. Like many fish, kingies seem to bite best when there’s a bit of tide running. In harbours and estuaries, the incoming tide is usually better; from rock ledges, one tide or the other may fish best, depending on the location.
Summer is the best time to target kingfish.
They can be caught year round with winter fish tending to be less common but generally larger. Smaller Kingfish will often be found around channel markers and wharfs in the warmer summer months.
Best Rigs.The best rigs for kings are a simple  rig or poppers, jigs and softbaits. High speed retrieval of jigs and poppers can be an extremely exciting way of targeting kings. Check out our article on everything you need to know about high speed jigging - probably one of the most exciting ways of catching Kingfish.
Best Baits.
The most relaible live baits are mackerel, blue Koheru, and kahawai.

They are usually found around rocky headlands, reefs and deepwater pinnacles, particularly those that are exposed to reasonable tidal current.
Best Times:
Kingfish tend to feed when there's some current flowing. Larger Kings are more prevalent during the summer months.

Best Spots.
This is another species that put New Zealand on the map as a major sport fishing destination. Kingies reach their maximum size in New Zealand with almost all world records coming from our waters.
The all tackle world record stands at 52kg, two fish of identical weights have been caught in both 15 and 24kg line classes. Both fish came from the Bay of Plenty.
These big powerful fish are relatively plentiful and easy to target, but landing them is another story altogether as they are virtually unstoppable and normally inhabit relatively foul areas.
Generally the rule of thumb is that if you can find a reef structure with reasonable current, you'll find baitfish and predator kingfish.
The hot spots are the Three Kings islands, White island and the Ranfurly bank off East Cape. They are found consistently throughout the top half of the North Island in good numbers and as far south as the Marlborough sounds at the top of the South Island.

Full Article:   Fishingnetnz

Mahkota berduri


MENYEDARI hakikat tersebut, kerajaan telah mengambil langkah tepat apabila mewujudkan Jabatan Taman Laut Malaysia (JTLM) pada 2007 yang berperanan mengurus, memulihara mega biodiversiti dalam taman laut bagi memastikan khazanah dalam taman laut terpelihara.
Jabatan tersebut telah dipertanggungjawabkan untuk mengurus, melindungi dan memulihara kawasan-kawasan perlindungan selain mengekalkan kelestarian biodiversiti marin.
Ekosistem terumbu karang yang mudah terdedah kepada pelbagai ancaman seperti aktiviti manusia dan fenomena alam semulajadi telah menggerakkan JTLM untuk mengadakan program pembersihan di beberapa kawasan yang telah dikenalpasti.
Baru-baru ini bertempat di Pusat Taman Laut Pulau Perhentian, Besut, Terengganu, program pembersihan terumbu karang dan tapak sulaiman Mahkota Berduri atau dikenali sebagai Crown of Thorns (COT) telah dilakukan dan disertai oleh kira-kira 100 sukarelawan daripada pelbagai agensi kerajaan dan swasta.
Menurut Ketua Setiausaha Kementerian Sumber Asli dan Alam Sekitar, Datuk Seri Zoal Azha Yusof, populasi COT yang berlebihan menyebabkan pelbagai spesis karang musnah di mana ia menjadi pemangsa kepada hidupan laut tersebut.
"Keadaan ini dipanggil outbreak dan kerosakan akibat fenomena ini akan mengambil masa antara 12 hingga 15 tahun untuk pulih seperti sedia kala.
"Terdapat dua kaedah untuk mengawal populasi COT ini iaitu melalui suntikan larutan kuprum sulfat atau mengutip dan menanamnya secara manual untuk dilupuskan," katanya pada majlis perasmian program Crown of Thorns (COT) dan pembersihan terumbu karang di Pulau Perhentian baru-baru ini.
Turut hadir pada majlis tersebut ialah Ketua Pengarah Jabatan Taman Laut Malaysia, Dr. Sukarno Wagiman.
Tambah Zoul Azha, dalam tempoh 20 tahun bermula 1992 hingga 2012, kira-kira 10 ribu COT telah berjaya dikutip sepanjang program yang diatur Jabatan Taman Laut itu.
Program yang disertai sukarelawan ini dilihat mencapai objektifnya iaitu untuk mengurangkan kadar sampah serta serangan COT yang mampu menjejaskan ekosistem serta biodiversiti taman laut.
Program selama tiga hari ini telah mencapai objektifnya iaitu untuk mengurangkan kadar sampah serta serangan COT yang mampu menjejaskan ekosistem serta biodiversiti di samping memupuk semangat cintakan alam sekitar dalam kalangan sukarelawan yang terlibat.
"Usaha seperti ini sedikit sebanyak membantu memelihara kepelbagaian biologi marin yang sedia maklum tidak ternilai harganya di samping memberi manfaat kepada generasi kini dan masa akan datang.
"Dalam masa yang sama, kekayaan serta keindahan biodiversiti marin berjaya menggamit kedatangan pengunjung dari dalam dan luar negara sekali gus merupakan salah satu penyumbang utama kepada pembangunan sektor pelancongan negara," ujarnya.
Mengulas lanjut mengenai kesan serangan COT, beliau berkata, hidupan laut tersebut mampu mengurangkan kadar liputan karang di sesuatu kawasan serta mengancam pertumbuhannya.
Selain itu, ia turut memberi kesan secara langsung kepada hidupan yang bergantung pada karang untuk makanan dan perlindungan terutamanya ikan.
Berdasarkan kajian, kemusnahan karang melebihi 20 peratus menyebabkan penurunan populasi ikan yang menjadikannya sumber kebergantungan harian. - NOOR DIANA AZIS

Artikel Penuh:
© Utusan Melayu (M) Bhd

Tuesday, 28 May 2013

Coleman Instant Tent 8


Instant Tent 8
Part #: 2000010195

Takes just 1 minute to set up or take down, based on the average set up time. Coleman's easiest tent! The poles are pre-attached to the tent for simple set up. The tent is fully taped, so no need for separate rain fly.

  • 8 person, 2 rooms
  • Footprint: 14' x 8'
  • 76" center height for room to stand and move comfortably
  • Fits two queen airbeds
  • Spacious interior
  • Exclusive WeatherTec System Keeps you dry -- Guaranteed
  • Heavy duty, 150D fabric, twice the thickness of standard tent fabric
  • Limited one year warranty
  • Made in China

MPN: 2000010195 UPC: 76501073553

Item No.CMN-0040
Retail Price:$309.99
Our Price:$249.99
More Info Visit:

  Tiger GPS

More Article:  Gofishtalk

Piranhas Found in Greek-Turkish Border River


Piranhas Found in Greek-Turkish Border River
Two flesh-eating piranha fish have been caught in a river separating Turkey from Greece, Greek television channels have reported.
A Turkish fisherman caught a 18-inch piranha in the Evros River on July 31, reports said on Wednesday.
Earlier this week, a Greek fisherman caught a 9-inch piranha on a fishing rod, using sweet corn as bait.
Piranhas, known for their sharp teeth, voracious appetites, and occasional cannibalism, inhabit South American rivers. It is not clear how the fish got into the Evros.
The river has been a major entry point for illegal immigrants from Asia into Europe. Last year, more than 55,000 people crossed the river to get into Greece, a 17-percent rise from the year before, according to Frontex, the European Union's border protection agency.
Earlier this year, Greek authorities started to build a 12-kilometer (7.5-mile) fence along the border to prevent illegal immigration, a move criticized by human rights groups.

Source:  Rianovosti

Rumpon sebagai rumah ikan


Kondisi terumbu karang di perairan laut di berbagai lokasi di nusantara dilaporkan sudah mengalami kerusakan akibat pencarian ikan yang ilegal dan melanggar hokum seperti bom ikan dan penggunaan pukat. Dimana cara pencarian ikan ini sangat merusak terumbu karang yang notabene habitat ikan di dasar laut. Jenis ikan konsumsi yang memiliki habitat di karang yakni ikan kakap dan kerapu menjadi berkurang jumlahnya secara signifikan. Pembuatan rumpon sebagai rumah tinggal buatan dapat dijadikan salah satu usaha untuk mengembalikan kelestarian hayati di dasar laut.
Rumpon dalam bahasa kelautan adalah karang buatan yang dibuat oleh manusia dengan tujuan sebagai tempat tinggal ikan. Rumpon merupakan rumah buatan bagi ikan di dasar laut yang dibuat secara sengaja dengan menaruh berbagai jenis barang di dasar laut secara kontinyu.
Pembuatan rumpon ikan sebenarnya adalah salah satu cara untuk mengumpulkan ikan, dengan membentuk kondisi dasar laut menjadi mirip dengan kondisi karang – karang alami, rumpon membuat ikan merasa seperti mendapatkan rumah baru. Meski untuk mengetahui keberhasilanya dibutuhkan waktu yang tidak sedikit sekitar 3- 6 bulan namun usaha pembuatan rumpon ini merupakan solusi terbaik meningkatkan hasil perikanan di laut. Kalau anda ingat beberapa tahun yang lalu pemerintah DKI Jakarta mencemplungkan becak yang dirazia ke laut utara Jakarta, tujuan salah satunya adalah untuk membuat terumbu karang di dasar laut sebagai rumah tinggal ikan.

Rumpon ikan diberbagai lokasi dibuat dengan memasukkan barang – barang seperti ban, dahan dan ranting dengan pohonnya sekaligus kedalam laut. Barang – barang tersebut dimasukkan dengan diberikan pemberat berupa beton, batu – batuan dan lain – lain sehingga posisi dari rumpon tidak bergerak karena arus laut. Barang – barang yang dimasukkan kedalam laut dapat terus ditambah secara kontinyu untuk menambah massa rumpon.
Pembuatan rumpon selain untuk diambil hasil ikannya untuk keperluan sendiri, dapat juga disewakan kepada para pemancing laut yang memang mencari kesenangan mencari ikan di lokasi yang banyak ikannya. Para pemancing yang memang membutuhkan hot spot memancing yang bagus dapat menyewa pemilik rumpon ini sebagai alternatif memancing yang cukup gampang, ikan yang dapat dicari adalah jenis ikan kerapu, ikan kakap merah, talang – talang dan lain – lain. Meski bukan ikan monster namun lumayan sebagai pemuas dahaga mancing..salam strike.

Sumber:   Pemancing

Ukha (Russian soup)


Опеканная уха.JPG
Place of originRussia
Main ingredient(s)Fish (sturgeon, salmon, cod), root vegetables, leeks, potatoes

Ukha (Russian: Уха) is a clear Russian soup, made from various types of fish such as bream, wels catfish, or even ruffe. It usually contains root vegetables, parsley root, leek, potato, bay leaf, dill, tarragon, and green parsley, and is spiced with black pepper, saffron, nutmeg, and fennel seed. Fish such as perch, tenches, sheatfish[disambiguation needed], and burbot are sometimes used to add flavour to the soup.
While ukha is a fish dish that is made with broth, calling it a fish soup may not be absolutely correct. "Ukha" started to be used as a term for fish broth in Russian cuisine in the late 17th to early 18th centuries. In earlier times, this term referred to thick meat broths, and then later chicken. Beginning in the 15th century, fish was more and more often used to prepare ukha, thus creating a dish that had a distinctive taste among soups.[1] In the 19th century, many travellers visiting Russia claimed that ukha is one of the best dishes in Russian cuisine.
Vegetables were kept to a minimum when preparing ukha, and in fact, in classic Russian cuisine, ukha was simply a rich fish broth that accompanied fish pies (rasstegai, kuliebiaka, etc.). These days it is more often a fish soup, cooked with potatoes and other vegetables. A wide variety of freshwater fish can be used, and some aficionados opine that one cannot make a good ukha from saltwater fish species. Fresh fish lends the dish the best flavor, and so if frozen fish is used, it is better not to defrost it. Preference is given to smaller, younger fish, with the tail parts of bigger fish discarded.


Source:  From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia




Monday, 27 May 2013

Fishing Bay Resort gamit pengunjung


FISHING Bay Resort, Air Papan Johor masih mengekalkan ciri-ciri alam semulajadi.
BUNYI desiran ombak, lambaian dedaun kelapa dan keindahan pantai semula jadi yang belum dinodai sudah cukup menterjemahkan keindahan Fishing Bay Resort sebagai destinasi istirehat yang ideal untuk seisi keluarga.
Terletak di daerah Mersing, pengunjung mengambil masa kira-kira dua jam untuk sampai ke Fishing Bay Resort di Teluk Buih, Air Papan, Johor itu.
Perasaan tenang dapat dirasai sebaik menjejakkan kaki ke resort itu. Sepanjang menginap di bilik yang mengadap Laut Cina Selatan itu, setiap pengunjung pasti dapat menghirup udara segar sambil ditemani deruan ombak yang memecah pantai.
Ditambah pula dengan kicauan unggas di celah-celah pohon kelapa bersama hembusan bayu yang menyamankan, pastinya percutian di resort itu meninggalkan nostalgia terindah.
Sememangnya suasana seperti itu menjadi tarikan destinasi pelancongan yang sewajarnya menjadi pilihan bagi mereka yang ingin keluar daripada keriuhan dan hiruk-piruk bandar untuk bersantai bersama keluarga dan rakan-rakan.
Fishing Bay Resort dimiliki Norazilah Mohd. Khalid dan di kawasan seluas 1.2 hektar. Ia adalah lokasi yang menarik bagi mereka yang gemarkan keindahan alam semula jadi.
Resort yang dibuka sebagai tempat peranginan eksklusif pada tahun 2000 itu diapit oleh Teluk Buih dan begitu popular dalam kalangan pelancong Singapura.
Kemudahan penginapan di resort itu meliputi 30 bilik daripada jenis standard, superior, family, deluxe dan junior suite.
Pengurus resort itu, Harmizi Nopura, 32, berkata, bagi mengekalkan keindahan semula jadi dan ciri tradisional serta memastikan pengunjung menyimpan kenangan manis yang sukar dilupakan, resort itu menyediakan segala kemudahan sama ada untuk berehat, beriadah, berhibur dan bersantai.
“Pengunjung bukan sekadar menikmati keseronokan di resort, malah mereka boleh melakukan sukan pantai, mengadakan aktiviti laut seperti memancing, snorkeling, mandi manda dan melawat Pulau Gajah yang mempunyai sebuah gua yang terletak lapan kilometer dari resort ini," katanya kepada S2.
Bagi pengunjung yang inginkan cabaran, mereka berpeluang menjelajah dan mendaki bukit bersebelahan resort untuk melihat secara dekat pelbagai spesies tumbuhan sambil menikmati pemandangan indah Laut Cina Selatan.

FISHING Bay Resort di Air Papan, Johor menyediakan pelbagai aktiviti riadah termasuk memanah.
Pengunjung juga boleh mencuba kemudahan rekreasi termasuk memanah, berbasikal dan bermain bola tampar. Bagi penggemar sukan air, tidak sah jika tidak menguji keberanian dengan berkayak, memancing, snorkeling dan menaiki banana boat sambil melayan cabaran gelora ombak.
Hamizi memberitahu, Restoran Baywatch Cafe pula menyajikan makanan ala Barat dan Thailand, selain makanan tempatan yang sentiasa membuka selera pengunjung.
“Bagi menjaga tahap perkhidmatan yang berkualiti dan suasana damai yang eksklusif, resort kami boleh menampung seramai 100 tetamu dalam satu-satu masa.
“Pengunjung pasti berpuas hati kerana Fishing Bay Resort bukan sahaja menyediakan segala yang diperlukan dalam menikmati suasana rehat yang damai dan menyeronokkan," tambahnya.
Menurutnya, yang penting sekarang adalah menjaga dan meningkatkan mutu perkhidmatan kakitangan resort.
Ini kerana katanya, layanan mesra kepada pengunjung sama ada pelancong tempatan mahu luar negara menjadi kunci kejayaan sesebuah resort.
Dari segi harga bilik pula, katanya, kadar pada hari biasa untuk jenis standard adalah RM118 sebilik, superior (RM168), family (RM228), deluxe (RM268) dan junior suite (RM488), manakala pada hujung minggu dan cuti sekolah, bilik standard berharga RM188, superior (RM238), family (RM378), deluxe (RM346) dan junior suite (RM588).
“Apabila ramai yang melancong pada waktu puncak seperti musim cuti persekolahan dan perayaan, resort ini akan menjadi terlalu sibuk. Jadi, kadar diskaunnya agak terbatas," katanya.
Resort tersebut turut menawarkan pakej bulan madu dua hari satu malam bermula pada harga RM380 bagi setiap pasangan, selain turut menyediakan pakej keluarga, ulang tahun dan percutian bajet.
“Kami memberi pilihan kepada pelanggan untuk memilih pakej yang sesuai berdasarkan bajet mereka. Apa yang penting, kami tidak akan menawarkan apa yang telah ditawarkan oleh pesaing kami.
“Bagi kami, apa yang penting adalah dapat membangkitkan kenangan terindah kepada pengunjung dan menjadikan resort ini pilihan utama destinasi pelancongan rakyat negara ini," katanya.

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Pemancing muda perlu tingkat ilmu


Oleh Pak Nuri

Photo Credit:  Google Images

TUGAS seorang pemancing bukan hanya menyediakan peralatan yang canggih atau mahal saja sebaliknya masih banyak ilmu yang perlu dipelajari sama ada melalui pengalaman dan bertanya daripada pemancing berpengalaman atau veteran.
TUGAS seorang pemancing bukan hanya menyediakan peralatan yang canggih atau mahal saja sebaliknya masih banyak ilmu yang perlu dipelajari sama ada melalui pengalaman dan bertanya daripada pemancing berpengalaman atau veteran.

Tanpa ilmu yang cukup atau banyak aktiviti memancing pasti akan hilang keseronokannya. Sebab itu ada dia antara pemancing yang tiba-tiba hilang dari padang memancing atau menjual peralatan kerana bosan.

Minggu ini Pak Nuri ingin berkongsi pengalaman mengenai beberapa ilmu memancing yang sepatutnya diketahui seorang yang baru ingin menceburi dalam bidang keseronokan dan keindahan aktiviti memancing.

  • Peralatan memancing tidak seharusnya yang terlalu mahal (kecuali profesional) sebaliknya mencukupi bermula dengan satu batang joran (sama ada untuk pantai, laut atau kolam), kekili, mata kail dan batu ladung.

  • Tahu membezakan tali perambut dan tali utama yang akan digunakan sama ada di pantai, laut atau kolam dan penggunaan batu ladung di tempat yang sepatutnya.

  • Pelbagai jenis umpan yang menjadi kegemaran spesies tertentu sama ada untuk ikan laut atau ikan air tawar.

  • Mengenali spesies ikan yang beracun, tidak beracun, spesies yang dilindungi supaya pemancing lebiah bertanggungjawab.

  • Minta pengalaman mereka yang sudah lama memancing bagaimanapun untuk mengelakkan ikan daripada terlepas.

    Kebanyakan pemancing muda sangat kurang llmu mengenali ikan yang dipancing. Ini menyebabkan ada di antara mereka kadang-kadang membawa pulang ikan beracun dan ada di antara mereka terkena sengat atau tercucuk duri secara tidak sengaja.

    Manakala ada pemancing yang membiarkan ikan yang tidak dikehendaki di darat menyebabkan ia mati. Ikan yang tidak mahu diambil lepaskan semula ke laut, sungai atau kolam.

    Pak Nuri ucapkan syabas kepada sesetengah pemancing yang profesional dan berpengalaman yang mengamalkan tangkap dan lepas kepada spesies yang dilindungi seperti ikan layar, yu, sesirat dan ikan depu.

  • Source:   Joran

    Sunday, 26 May 2013

    River Fishing Kayak Basics

       Written by       
    Matt Phillips undisclosed section of the San Jacinto River near Houston, TX Matt Phillips undisclosed section of the San Jacinto River near Houston, TX
    For most of the general population, talk of a river boat conjures up images of a coal-fired paddle wheeler lumbering along the Mississippi River. For the anglers who chase fish in the swirling water of their local flow, a river boat is a totally different critter.
    Jackson Coosa going through the rapids
    Drew Gregory on the Flint river with a Jackson Coosa
    It can be argued that any kayak can be used to fish a river, but there is little doubt that some are much better suited for the task. I have river fished out of canoes, hybrids and multiple makes of sit-on-top kayaks, and in slower flows there was never an issue. It is when the rapids start breaking over your bow and the gentle flow turns to white water that a real river kayak will rise above the rest. These boats are designed for rough water and fast flows, so anglers can get to the fish that hide in the ambush spots along the way.
    Running a set of rapids on the upper Flint River GA Malibu Stealth 12
    Drew Haerer running a set of rapids on the upper Flint River, GA in his Malibu Stealth 12
    Maneuverability is a major need for a river-running kayak. Having the ability to run across flows and spin into an eddy is important for fishing as well as safety. A kayak that tracks straight as an arrow may be a dream on the flats, but will not be able to turn and avoid hazards in a swift-moving flow. River boats will have a slight “rocker” (banana shape to the hull) that will make them nimble like their whitewater play boat cousins. This will allow you to stay in an eddy while fishing, or while studying your next path of travel.
    Matthew Frazier fishing in a Slayer 12
    Matthew Frazier with a nice eddy caught bass while fishing in his Native Watercraft Slayer 12
    Volume in the bow or an upswept bow is another thing to look for. This will help force the nose of the kayak up on top of standing waves instead of plowing right through them. Having your bow on top of the wave will allow you to turn quickly to make sure you can follow the best line through rough water. These attributes also make it easier to paddle back up river to hit a hole you may have missed while running through.
    I would also look at how gear stores or straps on any kayak bound for a river. On slow flows it is not an issue, but in more aggressive water the ability to lash down gear or store it in the hull is good. This will help prevent a costly gear loss if you crash and burn in a rapid. A standing wave that washes across your deck can remove gear with it, as well. Having rods and tackle lashed or bungee corded down will make sure you end up with the same amount of gear you started with.
    Several manufacturers make kayaks that will serve a paddler well on rivers. It really comes down to paddling as many as you can, and seeing what fits your style and budget. Some of the most mentioned kayaks for river fishing in various outdoor forums are:
    Malibu Stealth 12
    Setting the hook on a Suwannee Bass while standing and pitching to grass mats in the Santa Fe River Malibu Stealth 12
    Drew Haerer setting the hook on a Suwannee Bass while standing and pitching to grass mats in the Santa Fe River, FL
    Native Slayer 12
    Luke breakfield stalking bass on the river
    Luke breakfield stalking bass in a Slayer 12
    FeelFree Moken 12.5
    Matt Phillips Moken 12 5 section of the San Jacinto River near Houston TX
    Matt Phillips SUP's in his Moken 12.5 on a section of the San Jacinto River near Houston, TX
    Jackson Kayak Coosa
    Jackson coosa
    Brooks Beatty paddling the Flint River looking for shoal bass.
    When fishing any river from a kayak, safety has to be a priority. Along with your river boat, get the best PFD you can afford and wear it at all times. Tell a friend or family member where you are fishing, and when to expect you at home. Know what to do if you “wet exit” the kayak, and have a plan in place in case should that happen. With a little preparation and a lot of safety, a good river boat may just open a whole new world of fishing for you.
    Special thanks to: Drew Haerer, Matt Phillips, and Matthew Frazier for the additional photos of the Malibu Stealth 12, Moken 12.5, and Slayer 12

    Full Article:   Yakangler

    Ameiurus (Bullhead Catfish)


    Temporal range: Oligocene - recent
    Ameiurus nebulosus
    Scientific classification
    Rafinesque, 1820
    Amiurus Agassiz, 1846
    Gronias Cope, 1864
    Ameiurus is a genus of catfishes in the family Ictaluridae. It contains the three common types of bullhead catfish found in waters of the United States, the black bullhead (Ameiurus melas), the brown bullhead (Ameiurus nebulosus), and the yellow bullhead (Ameiurus natalis), as well as other species, such as the white catfish (Ameiurus catus or Ictalurus catus), which are not typically called "bullheads".
    The species known as bullheads can be distinguished from channel catfish and blue catfish by their squared tailfins, rather than forked.


    Taxonomy and fossil record

    Ameiurus is recognized as monophyletic, meaning it forms a natural group. It is mostly closely related to the clade formed by Noturus, Prietella, Satan, and Pylodictis genera.[1]
    There is a sister group relationship between the species A. melas and A. nebulosus.[1]


    Extant Species

    There are currently seven recognized species in this genus: [2]
    • Ameiurus brunneus D. S. Jordan, 1877 (Snail bullhead)
    • Ameiurus catus (Linnaeus, 1758) (White catfish)
    • Ameiurus melas (Rafinesque, 1820) (Black bullhead)
    • Ameiurus natalis (Lesueur, 1819) (Yellow bullhead)
    • Ameiurus nebulosus (Lesueur, 1819) (Brown bullhead)
    • Ameiurus platycephalus (Girard, 1859) (Flat bullhead)
    • Ameiurus serracanthus (Yerger & Relyea, 1968) (Spotted bullhead)

    Extinct Species

    There are currently eight recognized fossil species in this genus:[3] The oldest, A. pectinatus, gives a minimum age estimate for the genus at approximately 30 million years, during the Oligocene.[1]
    • Ameiurus hazenensis
    • Ameiurus lavetti
    • Ameiurus leidyi
    • Ameiurus macgrewi
    • Ameiurus pectinatus
    • Ameiurus reticulatus
    • Ameiurus sawrockensis
    • Ameiurus vespertinus


    Living species of Ameiurus catfishes are natively distributed east of the North American continental divide, from their westernmost point in central Montana, south to Texas, in streams of the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Coast, north to New Brunswick and Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan.[1]


    Bullheads live in a variety of habitats, including brackish and/or low oxygen ponds, rivers and lakes, although they are seldom stocked intentionally. They are bottom feeders and eat virtually anything edible, including dead fish, insects, other fish, grain, fruit, crayfish and more. Because of their limited use as food or sport, they are usually caught while trying to catch other fish, and few anglers pursue them specifically. Persons looking to catch bullheads will use the same bait as they would for channel catfish, including cut bait, chicken livers, blood-soaked meal, or other pungent baits. Like all catfish, bullheads have a sense of smell that is more developed than most canines.[4]

    Description and identification

    Bullheads do not get as large as the other catfishes native to North America, with averages sizes in the one to two-pound range and world record sizes well under 10 pounds (4.5 kg).
    All three major bullheads can be confused with other catfishes by novice anglers. Because they have an unforked tail, many people mistakenly think small flathead catfish are bullheads. Both have the squared tail, and can have a mottled, brown appearance (in the case of the brown bullhead), but the flathead lower lip protrudes farther than its upper lip and it has a flat or "shovel" head. They also have very different habits and habitat.
    Flatheads generally eat only live things, while bullheads will freely eat dead fish or other small animals. The flathead is more likely to be found at the bottom of dams or in gravel pits, while bullheads are found more often in the most brackish areas. Additionally, flatheads can reach weights well in excess of {[convert|100|lb|kg}}, while the current world's record for any bullhead is a black bullhead, recorded at 8 pounds (3.6 kg)[5] even while the average adult is perhaps 2 pounds (0.91 kg). Brown and yellow bullheads are significantly smaller.

    Relationship to humans

    They are considered rough fish by many, and are seldom caught for food, although they can be quite edible if caught in clear water and prepared correctly.[6] In Minnesota, bullhead are important to commercial fishermen, who harvest about 1 million pounds a year.[7]


    Source:  From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia