Waktu Solat(Malaysia)

Various Fishing Knots

There is one small hitch encountered by many first time knot-tiers. Their expert instructors seem to assume that their fellow fishermen are familiar with the Surgeon's Knot, the Bimini Twist and the like. But long before I moved into the field of knot-tying, I was content to join a line-to-swivel, swivel-to-trace and trace-to-hook via a Simple Loop Knot, where the loop is made only perhaps 25mm long - just long enough to pass over the hook and swivel.
The Loop Knot can be tied readily in the dark, and equally readily attached to swivel and hook. If fishing for flathead, you may have more confidence in your gear if the loop to the hook is made about 12.5cm long, thus taking the fish on a doubled trace.

Loop Knot
As experience is gained, you may wish to move on from the Loop Knot to knots that lie closer to hook and swivel.
Half Blood Knot
One of these is the Half Blood Knot, which is more correctly half of the Barrel Knot. THIS KNOT WILL SLIP. It has cost me more fish than I want to remember.
If you must use it, then you have two choices:
a) Stop the end of the line with a simple Overhand Knot, and draw it against the turns of the knot.

Half Blood Knot with simple Overhand Knot end stop
b) or make the Half Blood Knot into a Clinch Knot.

The following illustrations are fairly well all-purpose, but for tropical waters we strongly suggest that a 35-45lb mono leader be used prior to attaching a lure. If you are going after fish like mackerel, it is also a good idea to use black wire and swivels.

Half Blood Knot to Clinch Knot
Clinch Knot

  1. Pass the line through the eye of the hook, or swivel.
  2. Double back. make five turns around the line.
  3. Pass the end of the line through the first loop, above the eye, and then through the large loop. Draw the knot into shape.
  4. Slide the coils down tight against the eye.

Jansik Special
Jansik Special Another beautifully simple knotthat can be tied in the dark, The Jansik Special is a high strength knot tied as follows:

  1. Put 15cm of line through the eye of the hook.
  2. Bring it around in a circle and put the end through again.
  3. Making a second circle, pass then end through a third time.
  4. Holding the three circles of line against each other, wrap the end three times around the circles.
  5. Either hold the hook steady with pliers, or make it fast to boat's rigging or safety lines.
  6. Holding strain on the hook, pull on both ends of the line to tighten.

Palomar Knot
Palomar Knot The Palomar Knot is another very simple knot for terminal tackle. It is regarded by the International Game Fish Association consistently as the strongest knot known. It's great virtue is that it can safely be tied at night with a minimum of practice.

  1. Double about 12.5cm of line, and pass through the eye.
  2. Tie a simple Overhand Knot in the doubled line, letting the hook hang loose. Avoide twisting the lines.
  3. Pull the end of loop down, passing it completely over the hook.
  4. Pull both ends of the line to draw up the knot.

Hangman's Knot
Hangmans Knot There are at least 6 variations of the Hangman's Knot, - all of them excellent for terminal tackle, swivels and hooks. The "standard" Hangman's Knot holds only five turns when tied in monofilament nylon. If tied in rope, and used for its stated purpose, it takes eight turns.

  1. Pass a 15cm loop of line through the eye.
  2. Bring the end back on itself, passing it under the doubled part.
  3. Make five loops over the doubled part.
  4. The formed knot is worked into shape.
  5. The knot is sent down the line, against the eye of the hook or swivel.

Scaffold Knot
Scaffold Knot This is a much simpler variant. In all likelihood, this Grant's Uni-Knot. I have used it for more than fifty years and it has never failed me, whether tied in 1kg or 50kg monofilament. It was taught to me by the late Wally Kerr, a top flathead fisherman.

  1. Pass a 15cm loop of line through the eye.
  2. Lock the upper part between thumb and forefinger, making a loop.
  3. Make two more loops over the double part, holding them too, between thumb and forefinger.
  4. Pass the end through the two loops just made, plus the first loop made in step2.
  5. The formed knot can now be drawn into shape, and worked down against the eye of the hook or swivel.

Snelling A Hook
One small problem is the variety of names that may be applied to the one knot, for example, a Granny is a False Knot, a Clove Hitch is a Waterman's Knot, an Overhand Knot is a Thumb Knot. But when we come to snelling a hook, the length of nylon attached to the hook may be a snell or a snood.
I now find that the actual job of tying the snood may be called snoozing, while snelling is often jealously thought of as an art restricted to the fly fisherman. I have fished with bottom-fisherman on the Great Barrier Reef who routinely snell their hooks.
Snelling A Hook Restricted to lines of breaking strength less than about 20kg, the process is a simple one.

  1. Pass the end of the line, trace or tippet through the eye twice, leaving a loop hanging below the hook.
  2. Hold both lines along the shank of the hook.
  3. Use the loop to wind tight coils around the shank and both lines, from the eye upwards. Use from 5 to 10 turns.
  4. Use the fingers to hold these tight coils in place. Pull the line (extending from the eye) until the whole loop has passed under these tight coils.
  5. With coils drawn up, use pliers to pull up the end of the line.

Joining Line To Line
There are two top grade knots used to join one line to another, where these are approximately of the same thickness. These are the Blood Knot and the Hangman's Knot - also called the Uni Knot by the International Game Fish Association.
Blood Knot Where there diameters are very dissimilar, either the Surgeon's Knot should be used, or the thinner line should be doubled where the knot is formed.

Blood Knot

  1. Lie the ends of the two lines against each other, overlapping about 15cm.
  2. Take 5 turns around one line with the end of the other, and bring the end back where it's held between the two lines.
  3. Repeat by taking 5 turns around the other line, bringing the end back between the two lines. These two ends should then project in opposite directions.
  4. Work the knot up into loops, taking care that the two ends do not slip out of position.
  5. Draw the knot up tightly.

Uni-Knot Version Of The Hangmans Knot
Uni-Knot Version Of The Hangman's Knot
A better join can be made using one of the Hangman's Knots, known to the International Game Fish Association fisherman as the Uni-Knot.
This is a knot used for attaching the line to the spool of the reel.

  1. Overlap the two lines for about 15cm.
  2. Using one end, form a circle that overlies both lines.
  3. Pass the end six times around the two lines.
  4. Pull the end tight to draw the knot up into shape.
  5. Repeat the process using the end of the other line.
  6. Pull both lines to slide the two knots together.

Surgeon's Knot
Surgeons Knot Earlier mention was made that if the two lines to be joined vary greatly in their diameters, the lesser line may be doubled at the knot, or the Surgeon's Knot may be used. In the latter case, it will probably be necessary to have one of the lines rolled on a spool, or perhaps wrapped on a temporary card, so that it may be passed through the loop.

  1. Lay the two lines against each other, overlapping about 22.5 cm.
  2. Working the two lines as one, tie an Overhand Knot. It will be necessary to pull one line (say the leader) completely through this loop.
  3. Pull the leader through this loop again.
  4. Pass the other end through the loop.
  5. The formed knot can now be worked into shape.

Spider Hitch
The offshore fisherman often have a need to tie a double line - a long loop of line that is obviously stronger, and easier to handle, than the line itself. In accordance with International Game Fish Association Rules, the double line may be up to 4.5m long in lines up to 10kg, and as much as 9m in heavier lines.
Spider Hitch The double may be tied by means of the simple Spider Hitch with lines to 15kg. The big game boys use the Bimini Twist, a double that is normally formed by two people who make the intitial twenty twists. The Bimini is obviously beyond the scope of this little book. It's smaller brother, the Spider Hitch, is a much faster and easier knot for the light tackle fisherman.

  1. Form a loop of the desired length, say 1.25m.
  2. Twist a section into a small loop.
  3. This is the only tricky part - hold this loop with thumb and forefinger, the thumb extending above the finger, and with the loop standing up beyond the tip of the thumb.
  4. Wind the doubled line around the thumb and the loop 5 times.
  5. Send the rest of the long loop through the small loop, and pull gently to unwind the turns off the thumb.
  6. The knot is now formed and worked into tight coils.

Offshore Swivel Knot
Offshore Swivel Knot This is a special knot used for attaching a swivel to a double line.

  1. Put the end of the double line through the eye of the swivel.
  2. Rotate the end half a turn, putting a single twist between the end of the loop and the swivel eye.
  3. Pass the loop with the twist over the swivel. Hold the end of the loop, together with the double, with one hand, and allow the swivel to slide to the end of the double loops that have formed.
  4. Continue holding the loop and the lines with the right hand. Use the left hand to rotate the swivel through both loops 6 times or more.
  5. Keep pressure on both parts of the double line. Release the loop. Pull on the swivel and loops of line will start to form.
  6. Holding the swivel with pliers, or (better still) attaching it with a short length of line to the rigging, push the loop down towards the eye while keeping pressure on the double line.

Surgeons End Loop
Loops are made for the purpose of attaching leaders, traces or other terminal tackle. They have the advantage that they can be tied quickly and in the dark.
The Surgeon's End Loop is an easy way to go.
Surgeons End Loop
  1. Take the end of the line and double it to form a loop of the required size.
  2. Tie an Overhand Knot at the desired point, leaving the loop open.
  3. Bring the doubled line through the loop again.
  4. Hold the line and the end part together, and pull the loop to form a knot.

Blood Bight Knot
Blood Bight Knot Another end loop can be tied quickly and easily using the Blood Bight Knot.

  1. Double the line back to make a loop of the size desired.
  2. Bring the end of the loop twice over the doubled part.
  3. Now pass the end of the loop through the first loop formed in the doubled part.
  4. Draw the knot up into shape, keeping pressure on both lines.
The Blood Bight Knot is often used for attaching a dropper when fishing deep water with several hooks.
Some anglers attached the hook directly to the end of the loop, which should be at least 30cm from the end of the line.
This is not a good practice, especially when the fish are shy. Far better to attach a single strand of nylon to a short Blood Bight Knot, using another Blood Bight Knot, or a Surgeon's Knot.
Dropper Loop
A better method of forming a loop, or loops, in the line above the sinker is to use the old Dropper Loop. This draws into a knot that stands out at right angles to the line.
If desired, the loops can be made long enough to have a hook set on them. And once again, this is not a good practice unless the fish are biting-mad, which they rarely are. Dropper Loop

  1. Form a loop in the line.
  2. Take hold of one side of the loop, and make 6 or more turns around the line itself.
  3. This is the tricky part - keep open the point where the turns, or twists, are being made.
  4. Take hold of the other side of the loop, and pull it through the centre opening. use a finger in this loop so that it is not lost.
  5. Hold this loop between the teeth. Pull gently on both ends of the line, making the turns gather and pack down on either side of the loop.
  6. Draw up the knot by pulling the lines as tightly as possible. The turns will make the loop stand at right angles to the line.

Tucked Sheet Bend
Usually employed by the fly fisherman, the Tucked Sheet Bend is commonly used for joining the backing line to the tapered line. It is not an especially compact knot, but has a very strong attachment which cannot be said for the more aesthetically pleasing Perfection Loop.

Tucked Sheet Bend

  1. Make a Blood Bight (see above) at the end of the backing line.
  2. Take the end of the tapered line. Pass it through the Blood Bightand make a simple Sheet Bend.
  3. Now pass the end of the tapered line back through the closed loop of the Sheet Bend.
  4. Hold both ends of the tapered line to tighten and draw into shape.

Float Stop
Float Stop The float fisherman uses a running float for casting and general handiness, and stops the float from running up the line by using the Float Stop. It has the advantage that the stops moves readily over the rod guides, but grips the monofilament nylon so tightly that it will not slide over the line.
It should be made with about 12.5cm of nylon, usually the same diameter as the line itself.

  1. Take 2 turns (3 if necessary) around the main line at the chosen point.
  2. Bring both ends around to form a Surgeon's Knot (see above).
  3. Tighten into shape bringing the coils close together.

Turle Knot
Turle Knot
I have included the still-used Turle Knot for old times sake. Also known as the Turtle Knot, and Major Turle's Knot, it is simplicity itself to tie, but is one of the weakest knots.
It should never be used for light lines, and there are better knots for use with heavy ones.

  1. Pass the line through the eye of the hook.
  2. Make a simple loop.
  3. Carry the end of the line on to make a Simple Overhand Knot upon the loop.
  4. Pass the loop over the hook.
  5. Draw up into shape.

Double Turle Knot
Double Turle Knot Tied in monofilament nylon, the Turle Knot may slip unless another Simple Overhand Knot is made at the end of the line where it leaves the Turle Knot.
It is improved substantially by using the Double Turle Knot.

  1. Pass the line through the eye of the hook or swivel.
  2. Make two simple loops, and carry the line on to make a Simple Overhand Knot around both loops.
  3. Pass both of these loops over the hook or swivel.
  4. Pull on both parts of the line to draw the knot up into shape against the eye of the hook or swivel.

Balloon Rig

Popping Bobber Rig

Saltwater Sliding Bottom Finder  (modify for freshwater as below)  (for freshwater use disk weight/bank weight according to depth and current-usually 1oz to 3 oz, and use a leader equal to main line)


SQUID CATCHER RIG (uses 4 drop loops)
Main Line: 4# to 8# mono Hooks: #4 treble hooks with white or glowing  string tied around each shank, tie off and leave ends hanging behind hooks Weight: either 1oz to 4oz bank sinker, or tie a squid jig in lieu of the weight
Jig under lights at night just under the surface or during the day deep through a squid school.

  Octopus rig- No Bait Option

  Simple Lure (trolling feather, etc.) Single Hook trolling rig with beads (Picture) Notes: Most commonly used rig for tunas (can use a double hook too, though I usually don't, this is how I rig for trolling for albies out west and mahis out east), cudas, ceros/sierras/spanish mackerel, and mahi, esp. in Keys or open Pacfic.  Works with 60lb+ flourocarbon or single strand wire. Put a ball-berring swivel at the top (mostly use 2 rod lengths of leader +/- hook to swivel, tie main or bimini to swivel) Back to Top

  Octopus rig with bait (use mono leader for Stripers/ Dolphin/Sailfish)

Egg Weight Rig  for use with Dough Baits Main Line: 2# to 4#- Smaller trout/ Bullhead Catfish/ Minnow/Small Carp; 8#-15#: Steelhead/Larger Catfish (channel catfish)/Large Carp; 20#+: Very Large Catfish (dough/worms/liver)/Sturgeon/Large Steelhead Leader: either pre-tied snelled hook (single or treble) or mono: 2#-4# for Trout or very clear water, otherwise the same strength as main line. Hook:
FISHTrout/Small Carp/MinnowsMidsize fishLarge fish
Single hook#12-#8#6-#2#2+ (only if very firm dough bait)
Back to Top

Natural bait (or Salmon Egg) Rig with Slip Lead for Freshwater Main Line: 2# to 4#- Smaller trout/ Bullhead Catfish/ Minnow/Small Carp; 8#-15#: Steelhead/Larger Catfish (channel catfish)/Large Carp; 20#+: Very Large Catfish (dough/worms/liver)/Sturgeon/Large Steelhead Weight: Smallest possible-from 1/4oz to 3 oz depending upon current. Leader: either pre-tied snelled hook or mono: 2#-4# for Trout or very clear water, otherwise the same strength as main line. Hook:
FISHTrout/Small Carp/Minnows/PanfishMidsize fish (inc. Basses)Large fish (inc. Basses
Single hook#12-#8#6-#2#2+ 

Split Shot rigging with Bait
Note: Use small split shot up to 1/4 oz and pinch lightly 12" above the hook.  Use a small enough hook that the intended bait completely covers the hook (a bait hook or salmon egg hook is recommended).

Seawitch Rig with bait RIGGING TABLE
SPECIES/Bait SizeKing Mackeral/Wahoo/other Saltwater toothy PelagicsLarge Stripers/Mahi-MahiSalmon
LEADER#4-#6 single strand wire -36" to 48" (smaller fish-24"/#4)40# to 80# mono - 48"#3-#4 wire, single strand wire -36" 
First Hook1/0 single or 1/0 treble1/0 single 3/0 single barbless
Lead to Stinger& Bait SizeLarge Baits (14"+) use 6" of #6-#8 wire and consider a second stringer  near tail of bait.  Use 1/0 to 2/0 treble.    Smaller baits use a single stinger 1" forward of the tail, #2 treble.(IF stinger is allowed, (note: Might not be IGFA Compliant)) rig 60#-80# mono so that hook is 3/4 of way to the tail of the bait, use a 3/0 short shank single hook.  Use a loop knot or crimp to allow bait to swimh freely to attach stinger.(if allowed) #4 wire to a 3/0 barbless, 4" between first hook and stinger 

Diamond Jig Rigs and Employment

Nymphing Rig with Weighted Bobber Notes: First try on the nymph, then pinch on the split shot (1/16 oz)  12" above the nymph, then clip the bobber so that the distance from the bobber to the splitshot is equal to the water depth.  Use the smallest bobber possible (.5" to 1.5" diameter).

Casting bubble with Fly Notes: Run the main line through the Bubble and to a barrel swivel that is just arge enough not to slip though the bubble.  Tie 24" or longer length of leader to the barrel swivel and tie the other end to the fly.  This rig will work with any light lure (or soda straw and treble hook) and is used not only with light leaders (1# to 4# mono) for rainbow trout in freshwater, but with heavy leaders  and larger lures for mackerels (40# mono ) in saltwater.

Crankbait with Leader

Jig Drop Loop Rig

Tube Mackerel Rig

Uncle Big John's Crappie Trolling Rig

Jig and Bug Rig

Nighttime Pacifc Mackerel Pier Rig
Use under the lights or in the dark for mackerel, jacks, and similar smaller schooling fish..soft plastics or squid/worm/shrimp strips work, may need a slight wiggle of rodtip to get them to bite.

Russian Carp Doughball Rig
(note: Not IGFA Compliant, check regs for your area) uses 1-3 treble hooks (#4) or single circle hooks(more ecologically sensitve) (#1) Employ by baiting each hook with a doughball or corn kernels, then pitch into your favorite carp holding hole.

Inverted school rig for surface fish
Zip accross the surface for any surface hitting fish (or baitfish). Trailer hooks (as one would use on a plug or spoon) work just as well as jigs.

Casting jig and bobber rig for asian carp
slow retrieve with pulses.

tube jig body and bead rig with heavier hook for large deep asian carp
cast, let sink to bottom, then jig back.


Tide 4 Fishing
Tide Forecasts

Fishing Map

Pancing Map

NZ and Australia Weather & Tides Forecasts

Gamefish weight calculator

Fishing magazines and television

Looking for your fishing fix? We have a great variety of excellent publications and TV shows in New Zealand and here’s an overview of the options. Check for program details and times for television shows as times may vary.
Monthlyand our longest running fishing publication. Great, informative reading from editor Grant Dixon and a very established team. See our news section for an overview of the latest issue.

Bi-monthly in A4 format - and one for the coffee table. Stunning photography complements some excellent articles which range from how to target gamefish to catching snapper for dinner. Subs here. See our news section for an overview of the latest issue.
Tradezone Gone Fishin'
Graeme Sinclair hosts our original TV show. Graeme travels extensively around New Zealand and always gives an entertaining half hour dose of things piscatorial. Check out Gone Fishin' TV3 - Saturdays.
Outdoors with Geoff
Geoff Thomas fishes and hunts and has been a popular fishing personality for a number of years. Catch Geoff on TV 3 - Saturdays.
Big Angry Fish
PlaceMakers 'Big Angry Fish' is a TV show all about tips and techniques to catch trophy fish right at your back door step. Your host Milan and Nathan.

Matt Watson fronts with some lively action from above and below the water. - TV3 on Saturdays.

No comments:

Post a Comment